Intervention programs targeting parents to manage childhood overweight and obesity have emerged based on parents influence on the health behaviors of their children. The purpose of this review was to systematically evaluate intervention programs targeting parents to manage childhood overweight and obesity using the Reach, Efficacy, Adopt, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework. There was a moderate risk of bias across all studies. The overall proportion of studies (n=7) reporting on each dimension of the RE-AIM framework ranged from 78.6% (reach) to 23.8% (maintenance). The majority of intervention programs demonstrated improvement in child BMI. However intervention programs did not reach families of diverse race/ethnicity, were provided by highly trained professionals, and demonstrated high attrition, thus limiting generalizability.
Keywords: Adolescents (13-19 years), Behaviour Modification (e.g., provision of item/tool, incentives, goal setting), Community, Education / Awareness & Skill Development / Training, Grade school aged (5-12 years), Health Care Setting, Home, Mobile Phone, Nutrition, Obesity, Phone, Physical Activity, Preschool aged (1-4 years), Primary health care provider office (e.g., Public health nurse, dietitian, social worker), Social Support (e.g., counseling, case management, outreach programs) , Youth Health